The Family of Mary (Wiedhofft ) & David Salmon

Mary Wiedhofft was born in the September quarter of 1851 in Clerkenwell, London to Frederick Augustus and Amelia Wiedhofft.

Her parents and older sister Amelia were shown in the 1851 census living at 20 Goswell Terrace, Clerkenwell and brother, Frederick was born at this address on the 10th of January 1854, On the 20th of January 1855 another sister, Charlotte was born at 6 Singleton Street, Hoxton, Shoreditch, London but sadly she died only months later (22nd April 1855) at the same address. She was buried on the 29th April at Abney Park Cemetery, Stoke Newington. The June quarter of the following year (1856) saw the birth of another brother, Charles, also born in Shoreditch, but again the registration of his death took place in Shoreditch in the June quarter of 1858. By 1859 the family had moved to Dalston as another sister Ann was born at 4 Temple Street, Dalston, Hackney on 21st May 1859.

1861 Census RG9-202 18 Regent Street, City Road, St Lukes, Holborn, London
Frederick Augt Wiedhofft Head Marr 37 Furrier St Geo. the Martyr, London
Amelia Wife Marr 34   St Sepulcre, Middx
Amelia Daur   10 Scholar Clerkenwell
Mary Daur   9 Scholar Clerkenwell
Frederick Son   8 Scholar Clerkenwell
Ann Daur   1   Hackney

This was the address given for the birth of another brother William Alfred on 14th May 1861.

Aunt Louisa married William Rayner Filler on the 7th June 1862 at St Giles Church, Camberwell, Surrey.

The birth of brother Arthur was registered in the St Lukes, Holborn district in the September quarter of 1863. Once again tragedy seems to strike with his death being registered in the same district in the June quarter of 1864.

Sister Louisa Florence Wiedhofft was born in the March quarter of 1865 in the St Lukes parish of Holborn

On the 19th December 1865 grandfather (Frederick Gottlieb) died at his home in Peckham.

On the 27th May 1865 Aunt Mary married William Fleming a warehouseman of Glasgow at St Giles, Camberwell.

1871 Census 29 Cross Street, St Mary, Islington
Fredk A Wiedhofft (t looks like an s) Head Mar 47   Furrier employs 1 man 2 boys & 10 women St George the Martyr London
Amelia wife Mar   44   St Sepulcre London
Amelia dau Unm   20 Student Clerkenwell
Mary dau unm   19 Scholar Clerkenwell
Annie dau     11 scholar Hackney
Wm Alfrd son   9   scholar St Lukes London
Louisa F dau     6   St Lukes
Maria Mildenhall servt unm   28 servant (domestic) Bethnal Green
Mary Coleman lodger widow   79 annuitant Clerkenwell

Mary's mother (Amelia) died in the December quarter of 1873

Sister Amelia married Charles Alfred Cooper at the Holloway Congregational Church on the 5th July 1875. Amelia's address was given as 20 Tyndale Place and Mary was to witness the wedding (probably a bridesmaid?)

Her father (Frederick Augustus) remarried in the March quarter of 1876 to widow Emma Huntsman (Sinkler) On the 17th June 1876

17th June 1876 Mary (aged 24) married certificated school master David Salmon (also 24) in Islington Register Office, North London, David was son of farmer James Salmon. Mary's address was 20 Tyndale Place, Islington and her father Frederick Augustus is described as a furrier. David was born in Newport, Pembroke, Wales, but gave his address as 7 Vincent Terrace, Islington. (in the 1871 census he was a 19 year old student at Borough Road learning to be a schoolmaster.) The witnesses were Alfred Taylor, Mary's sister Ann and her father (Frederick Augustus).

Their first child Amelia was born about 1878 in Peckham (South London) Surrey

Another daughter Mary was born about 1880 also in Peckham.

The early part of 1880 saw the birth of their first son David.

1881 Census, 2 Osborne Villa, Nunhead Lane Camberwell, Surrey
David Salmon Head Mar 29   schoolmaster Newport. Pembrokeshire
Mary " wife Mar   29 Mddx Clerkenwell
Ammila " Dau   3 Surrey, Peckham
Mary " " 1 ""
David " son 3 mo   ""
Margaret " sister Unm   17 Boa??dy, Pembrokeshire
Ann Wiedhofft s law Unm 21 schoolmistress Mddx, Dalston
Charlotte Carter serv Unm   15 general servant " Edgeware

Another daughter Dorothy was born about 1882 in Kingston, Surrey

Second son Stanley was born about 1885 in Kingston, Surrey.

1891 Census 248 Kings Rd, Kingston, Surrey
David Salmon head Mar 39 Schoolmaster Newport
Mary " wife Mar 39 Islington
Amelia " dau 13 scholar Peckham,
Mary " dau 11 scholar Peckham
David " son 10 scholar Peckham
Dorothy " dau 8 scholar Kingston
Stanley " son 5 scholar Kingston,
Annie Shard servt 18
Alice Thomas servt 15
In 1892 David became Principal of the Swansea Teacher Training College.

On the 28th December 1891 Mary's father (Frederick Augustus) died and David Salmon was named as an executor and trustee in his will. In 1892 David became Principal of the British and Foreign School Society’s training college for women at Swansea.

1901 Census Training College, Victoria, Swansea
David Salmon Head mar 49 principle of training college Pembroke, Newport
Mary Salmon wife 49 lady superintendent of ditto Mddx, Islington
11 servants,
4 teachers,
lots of trainee teachers
It was also noted on the census that Mary spoke English and David spoke both English & Welsh.

David Salmon

Our thanks to Paula Williams for this photograph of David Salmon found in the attic of a house near the Swansea Teachers Training College.

1904 Published his book on the life of Joseph Lancaster (Education reformer)

Daughter Dorothy trained as a teacher and joined the "Poor Clares" (The Order of St Clare)

One of the other daughters married a man surname Fitt and raised a family in Rhodesia.

1911 Census Swansea Training College
Name Relation Age M Age F S, M or W Mar Years Child Alive Died Occupation Born Language
David Salmon head 59   Married         principal of College Pemb, Newport. both
Mary Salmon wife   59 Married 34 5 5 0 matron of college London, Islington, English
Eric Fitt Grandchild 11   __         School Rhodesia / Visitor English
Hilda Fitt Grandchild   10 __         School Rhodesia/ for Educatn English
Lots of students                      

Son David Salmon married in the December quarter of 1915 in Tamworth, Staffs. to 25 year old Ethel Minnie Short and they were to raise a family in Rhodesia and Zambia.

1922 David retired as Principal of the Swansea Training College (Swansea Training College became part of the Swansea Institute of Higher Education (now Swansea Metropolitan University)

Mary died in 1925 in Narbeth, Pembrokeshire 11a 1315 age 74

The following information was taken from the British and Foreign School Society Archive Centre. website

David Salmon was a student at Borough Road College from 1870-72, serving briefly as junior tutor and then becoming headmaster of the new Board School in Belvedere Place almost opposite the college. Later he became Principal of the British and Foreign School Society’s training college for women at Swansea and remained there for the rest his career. In 1904 he produced his life of Joseph Lancaster and followed this with articles on Lancaster and on various aspects of the early history of the Society in the Educational Record. During these years he built up an interesting collection of prints and autograph letters relating to persons connected with the Society, such as Brougham, Wilberforce and the Duke of Kent, eventually mounting these in a large album together with the pages of his life of Lancaster. Examples from this album, as well as other souvenirs of Salmon’s interest in Lancaster, are displayed in the present exhibition. David Salmon also assembled a valuable collection of printed books mainly dealing with early nineteenth century elementary education in this country. These include, in addition to Lancaster’s pamphlets (many of them produced on the printing presses at Borough Road) and the writings of other early supporters of the Society, such as William Allen, a collection of the educational treatises of Andrew Bell, early editions of the works of Sarah Trimmer, several books by Thomas Bernard, and individual works by lesser known educational writers. The collection contains several examples of early Victorian teaching manuals prepared for the Society including Henry Dunn’s Principles of Teaching, James Cornwell’s English Composition and other books produced for the Society’s schools by tutors at the Borough Road Normal College. The collection also includes the printed reports of the Finance Committee of the ‘Royal Lancasterian Institution’ dating from the years before the more familiar Annual Reports of the British and Foreign School Society. This large and valuable collection was left to Borough Road College by David Salmon and has now passed into the keeping of the British and Foreign School Society Archive Centre.

David Salmon died in the December quarter of 1944 aged 92 The registration district was Narberth, South Wales


The following information was taken from the Wales on the Web site.

Collections Wales is an online directory of research collections in Wales, providing a gateway to physical and digital collections with a distinctly Welsh theme from the more traditional sphere of academic, national and public libraries and from other public and private sector agencies throughout Wales. The Salmon Collection English & Cymraeg A collection of pamphlets and excerpts from periodicals belonging to David Salmon (1852-1944), Principal of Swansea Training College between 1892 and 1922, donated to the Library of University College of Swansea by his daughter Miss Mary Salmon. They number about 1,700 items in 146 volumes, and date from throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. About three dozen of the volumes had been collected and bound by former owners, such as Sir James Ferguson of Kilkerran in Scotland, Sir Lyon Playfair, Rev. Frederick Watkins (one of the early Inspectors of Schools) and David Williams (a Principal of Swansea Training College). Some pamphlets have authors' inscriptions and a few have autograph letters. Most of the pamphlets relate to education, especially schooling in Britain. The collection includes several of Salmon's own writings, including his experiences of America and impressions of American education derived from a tour of America. There are 11 volumes of charity sermons and reports of early Charity Schools, mostly of the 18th century. There are some pamphlets on other Welsh topics, including descriptions of Welsh antiquities and items about Swansea. A small number of pamphlets cover a variety of other subjects. Collection Details Date Range: 1700 - 1920 Strength: Nineteenth and early twentieth century education. Language: Welsh English French Significance: Local Welsh UK Size and Format: Approximately 1,700 items in 146 bound volumes. Access Details Access Control: The volumes, located together in the Arts Store, are for use only within the Library and Information Centre. Application to view them can be made at the Loan Enquiries Desk. Acquisition Details: The collection was donated by Miss Mary Salmon, daughter of David Salmon, in 1945. It has not been added to since that date. Finding Aids: The items are listed in a typed list and a card catalogue, both of which are in the Arts Store, University of Wales, Swansea. URL: Location Address: Library and Information Centre, University of Wales, Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea Wales SA2 8PP

Mary Wiedhofft
b. London 1851,
m. David Salmon, Islington 1876
d. Narbeth, Wales 1925


Frederick Gottleib Wiedhofft & Mary Elizabeth (Ruppersburg)


Frederick Augustus & Amelia (Pike)


Amelia 1850
Frederick 1853
Charlotte 1855
Charles 1856
Ann 1859
William Alfred 1861
Arthur 1863
Louisa Florence 1865
____ with Emma____

Mark 1876
Emma 1878


Amelia 1877
Mary 1880
David 1881
Dorothy 1882
Stanley 1885


Moyra Salmon in Rhodesia
Collette Salmon in Zambia
Eric Fitt in Rhodesia
Hilda Fitt in Rhodesia
more ?

Pictured below are 3 of Mary & David Salmon's children.
  • David or Stanley Salmon?
  • Montgomeryshire Yeomanry?
  • Dorothy Salmon