William Dring born about 1770 in Hull, Yorkshire, England
All the following information has been supplied by Steve Liversidge
DRING, William Transport: Alexander
Place and date of Trial: Quarter Sessions, held at Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire on 7 October, 1784.
Crime and Sentence: "A True Bill against William Dring, Joseph Robinson (q.v.) and John Hastings for feloniously Stealing and taking away Six Glass Bottles filled with Brandy three Blue and White Shirts two pair of Trowsers one pair of Red Leather Boots and several other things of the value of ten pence of the Goods and Chattels of Joseph Mitchinson.
"The aforesaid William Dring and Joseph Robinson (q.v.) Pleaded Guilty to the aforesaid Indictment found against them and the said John Hastings Not Guilty.
"Another true Bill against the said William Dring Joseph Robinson (q.v) and John Hastings for feloniously Stealing and taking away Two Jacktes one pair of Draweres one pair of Trowsers and one Knife of the Value of Tenpence of the Goods and Chattels of Morris Wall.
"The aforesaid William Dring and Joseph Robinson (q.v.) Pleaded Guilty to the last mentioned Indictments found against them and the said John Hastings Not Guilty.
"The aforesaid William Dring and Joseph Robinson (q.v.) were Sentenced to be Transported beyond the Seas for Seven Years."
(Source: The Crimes of the First Fleet Convicts by John COBLEY, 1970)
William Dring was tried at Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire on 7 Ocotber 1784 for stealing brandy and clothing of unknown value. He was sentenced to transportation for 7 years and left England on the 'Alexander' aged about 17 at that time (May 1787). He had no occupation recorded.
Notes; Partner in the original crime was Joseph Robinson. On 11 May 1788 he (Dring) received 36 lashes for being absent without leave, and spent time in irons for starting a fire on the wreck of the 'Sirius' in May 1790, and again in May 1791 for the theft of potatoes.
William Dring was caught stealing a quantity of clothing and six bottles of brandy, the property of Joseph Mitchinson. He was tried at the Quarter Sessions at Kingston on Hull, in 1784. He was found guilty and sentenced to seven (7) years transportation. He was sent aboard the "Alexander" in 1787, and sailed with the First Fleet on the 13 May, 1787.
Governor Phillip sent a party of Officials, Marines and convicts to settle Norfolk Island and in October, 1788 Dring was one of those sent. He was employed there in various ways, probably in preparing the land for farming. In 1790 Dring and another convict volunteered to swim out to the "Sirius", which had been wrecked on the reef, in order to throw off the livestock and any remaining stores, which were still on the ship. They were allowed to do this and were successful in their efforts. They remained on board after they had completed the task and got drunk on the alcohol still on the ship. Eventually a marine was sent out and he removed the two men. They were punished by being put in prison and also made to wear leg irons. Even when they were released they were forced to continue wearing the irons.
Dring was apparently a competent seaman and contributed much in the associated work. He was praised by Governor King for his work. He was given a grant of land on Norfolk Island and then formed a relationship with Ann Forbes who had arrived in the First Fleet, on the "Prince of Wales". She had been convicted of stealing ten yards of cotton, the property of James Rollinson. Her trial was held in 1787 at the Surrey Lent Assizes. She was sentenced to be hanged but was reprieved and her sentence changed to seven (7) years transportation. Ann was sent to Norfolk Island and with her was the child she had borne to George Bannister, in 1789.
During their lives together William and Ann had three children, the last of whom was born in 1796. There was a great deal of unrest on the Island, because there were many marines stationed there and they endeavoured to entice the wives away from their husbands or the men with whom they lived. This brought many complaints form the emancipists and Dring had had cause to complain that his wife had been 'tempted away' twice. Finally he assaulted a marine and was charged. Governor King interceded on his bahalf and Dring was only fined 20 shillings. This judgement was another source of trouble on Norfolk Island. The family returned to Port Jackson in 1794 by the "Daedelus". They stayed together at least until the 20 August, 1796, when the last child was baptised. After this the partnership broke up. Ann became a housekeeper to Thomas Huxley. Little is known about Dring except 'he died in the Colony'.
(Source: A Register of the Descendants of the First Fleet living in the Sutherland Shire, 1988)
William Dring shown as arriving Norfolk Island 13.10.1788 and departing 6.11.1794 on 'Daedalus' and married 5.11.1791 by Rev. Johnson to Ann Forbes Children shown as Ann born 1792 and Elizabeth born 30.10.1794. All departed with Dring (source: Norfolk Island 1788-1813, the people and their families by James Donohoe, 1986)
In the book, "The Commandants. The Tyrants who Ruled Norfolk Island" by M.G. Britts, 1980 (pages 22-25) is recorded the arrival of vessels 'Sirius' and 'Supply' to the Island on 13 March, 1790 in bad weather. On the 19 March, 1790 the 'Sirius' was wrecked before off loading provisions and convicts Brannigan and Dring volunteered to go aboard the wreck and heave some livestock overboard to swim ashore. Lieutenant-Governor Robert Ross, who had arrived to take over command from Gidley King gladly accepted the offer by these convicts who struggled out to the wreck. When no livestock appeared and nothing happened until dusk, they saw a fire on the stern of the ship. Ross ordered guns to be fired to attract the convicts' attention but there was no response, and another convict, John Arscot, volunteered to make the dark and dangerous journey along the hawser through the surf. His courage was later rewarded by freedom. When Arscot arrived on board, he found Brannigan and Dring had broached a cask of rum, forgotten all about the livestock, and deliberately or accidentally set fire to the ship. He put the fire out and the three men apparently stayed in the wreck until it was boarded two days later. The shore party salvaged a quantity of gear and provisions and the two drunks were charged with setting fire to the ship.
William Dring joined a group of men in the theft of six bottles of brandy, three blue and white shirts, two pairs of trousers, a pair of red leather boots and other goods at Hull, York. Another charge found him guilty of stealing two jackets, a pair of drawers, a pair of trousers and a knife. With Joseph Robinson, he was sentenced at Kingston upon Hull to transportation beyond the seas for seven years on 7 October 1784.
Dring, aged 17, was sent to the 'Ceres' hulk on 15 April 1785. On 2 December a petition on his behalf said he had hoped by confession to recieve a lighter sentence, and blamed persusasion by two men who had escaped. Pardon was neverthe less refused, and he was delivered to 'Alexander' on 6 January 1787.
From Port Jackson Dring was sent to Norfolk Island by 'Golden Grove' on 2 October, where at first he had a troubled life. On 11 May 1789 he received three dozen lashes for absenting himself without leave from the settlement. On 22 March 1790, having volunteered with James Branagan to bring livestock from the wreck of the 'Sirius', both got drunk and started a fire on board. Brought ashore by James Arscott, Dring spent time in the guardhouse until 18 May, when he was released to his own hut, but still in irons. On 15 May 1791, for theft of potatoes from gardens with Charles McLaughlin and Henry Barnet, he was sent in irons to Nepean Island, provided with two weeks rations to last for six weeks. Clark called him 'the greatest Rascall living'. All three were brought back in June, one very ill, but Dring remained under confinement.
By the end of 1792, Dring had began to sell grain at government from the small piece of ground allotted to him, signing the receipt for payment. At December 1793 he had become 'a well behaved free man'. In March 1794 Lieutenant Governor King wrote that he 'has been employed, from the time I first came to Norfolk Isand, as a Cockswain, and having the care of the Boats, a very useful man, & is of the greatest service'. He received no gratuity beyond provisions and a small piece of ground for his house.
By this time 'married' (to Ann Forbes) and with a child, Dring was subjected to abuse by the rowdy NSW Corps soldiers recently arrived at Norfolk Island. He was goaded into striking one of them who had continually forced attentions on his wife even after having been warned to keep away from her. Though the soldier was court martialled, and Lieutenant Governor King's sympathies were clearly with Dring, he was nevertheless fined 20s. and confined until security was given for continued good behavious.
Dring left Norfolk Island in November 1794 by 'Daedalus', as also did Ann Forbes: a daughter Ann was buried at Port Jackson on 24 January 1795. A daugher Elizabeth had been born 3 August 1794 at Norfolk Island; a son Charles was born at Sydney on 20 August 1796. Dring was dead or had left the colony by 1798, at which date Ann Forbes was with one of the several men in the colony named Thomas Jones (Huxley per 'Salamander' 1791)
Source: The Founders of Australia - A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet by Mollie Gillen, 1989
Ann Forbes Sex: F ALIA: /Dring/ Birth: about1768 in England
Death: 28 Dec 1851 in Sackville, NSW Fact 1: 26 Jan 1788 Arrived on board 'Prince of Wales' as convict. Fact 2: 29 Dec 1851 Buried St. Thomas Church, Wilberforce, NSW. Note: FORBES, Ann Transport: Prince of Wales
Place and date of trial: At the Surrey Lent Assizes which began at Kingston upon Thames on Monday 2 April 1787 before Sir Henry Gould Knt. and Sir Alexander Thomson Knt. (1)
Tried on Thursday morning, 5 April, 1787 (1)
Crime and sentence: (a) Ann Forbes and Lydia Munro (q.v) committed 30 October 1787. (1)
(b)".....that Ann Forbes late of the parish of Saint Olave within the borough of Southwark in the co. of Surrey Spinster and Lydia Munro (q.v.) late of the same...Spinster...on the 28the day of October....ten yards of printed Cotton of the value of 20s. of the goods and chattels of James Rollinson in the shop of the said James Rollinson.....feloniously did steal...." (2)
"Guilty no chattels to be Hanged.
"Reprieved. Transported 7 years. Sent 30 April 1787." (1)
Appears in Ross's Returns, p. 328.
References: (1) P.R.O. Assizes 31/15, p. 51, no. 20; (2) P.R.O. Assizes, 35/227, no. 20.
(Source: The Crimes of the First Fleet Convicts by John COBLEY, 1970.)
Ann FORBES was tried at Kingston upon Thames, Surrey on 5 April, 1787 for stealing material with a value of 20 shillings. She was sentenced to transportation for 7 years having been originally sentenced to death, and left England on the 'Prince of Wales' aged about 19 at that time (May 1787). She had no occupation recorded. She died 29 December 1851.
Notes: Partner in the original crime was Lydia Munro.
Ann Forbes lived in the Parish of St. Olave, within the Borough of Southwark, County of Surrey. In April, 1787 when she was about fifteen (15) years old she was charged with stealing a length of cotton material whilst accompanied by Lydia Munro, who was also charged. She was tried at the Surrey Lent Assizes and found guilty. She was sentenced to be hanged but this was changed to transportation for seven (7) years. She sailed on the "Prince of Wales" with the First Fleet and arrived in the Colony, apparently healthy and in good condition. She was listed as a Government servant and would have been assigned work in this capacity. She became associated with George Bannister, bearing a child to him in 1789. The child was baptised Sarah Bannister. Ann, with others, was despatched to Norfolk Island, in 1790 aboard the "Sirius". This was the occasion when the "Sirius" was wrecked.
Ann met with William Dring on Norfold Island and was married to him. They had two children and then the family returned to Sydney Town on the "Daedulus" in 1794 and a son was born to them on 20 August, 1796. Nothing more is known of William Dring and the connection seems to end there, nothing is known of Dring or the Son, Charles.
Ann met and married Thomas Huxley, alias Jones, a convict who had arrived in the Colony with the Third Fleet. He was given a grant of land in the Hawkesbury district under the name of Jones, and he became a farmer. The family lived here and Ann and Thomas had eight (8) children. The land was located in Lower Portland near the junction of the Colo River. It was not good farming land but the family became self-sufficient.
Ann died on the 29 December, 1851 and at the time of her death she had been the oldest person in the Colony who had arrived with the First Fleet, and who had died in Australia. She is buried in the Cemetery at Sackville Reach.
(Source: A register of the descendants of the 1st Fleet living in the Sutherland Shire; 1988)
The journal of Philip Gidley King: Lieutenant, R.N. 1787-1790 describes the arrival of His Majesties Ship Sirius and Supply to Norfolk Island on Saturday, 13 March, 1790. The following days describes strong gales present and the ships having difficulties unloading until 12 noon on Friday, 19 March, 1790, when the Sirius struck a reef and stuck fast. On Monday, 22 March, 1790, John Branagan and William Dring swam out to the Sirius to free livestock, failed to return, got drunk on board and set fire (accidently) to the ship. Tuesday, 23 March, 1790, Branagan and Dring were taken into custody to be tried for setting fire to the ship. Wednesday, 24 March, 1790, King set sail for Port Jackson on board Supply and describes the last appearance of the wreck Sirius.
Ann Forbes, late of St Olave's parish in Southwark, was sentenced to death on 2 April 1787 at Kingston, Surrey, with Lydia Munro, for the theft of ten yards of printed cotton. On 17 April she was reprieved to transportation for seven years and on the 17th she was sent from the New Gaol at Southwark where she was held, to Newgate for dispatch with a group of Newgate women to Portsmouth and embarkation on 'Prince of Wales' on 3 May, 1787.
Little is heard of her at Port Jackson until the baptism of her daughter Sarah by George Bannister on 15 November 1789. When she was sent to Norfolk Island by 'Sirius' on 4 March 1790 the child did nt accompany her. Bannister also went on this voyage. On the Island she was with William Dring as his wife at mid June 1794 (Lieutenant Governor P.G. King writes that Dring had two children in January 1794. Ann was subject to the enticement os soldiers from the NSW Corps, which caused much trouble for Dring).
Both Dring and Ann Forbes left Norfolk Island by 'Daedalus' in November 1794. A daughter, Elizabeth, had been born on 30 August, that year. Another son, Charles, by Dring, was born in Sydney on 20 August, 1796.
On 24 August 1798 a daughter, Jane Forbes, was born to Ann Dring and Thomas Jones (or Huckles (Huxley), 'Salamander', 1791). No marriage is recorded for Ann and Thomas, but eight more children were born to the couple, Thomas (12 April 1804), Ann (1805) both at Windsor, followed by James (1809), Samuel (1811), John (1813), Hester (1817) and Sophia (1818). Another child Charlotte seems to have been born in 1802. In 1828 Huxley was shown with four children and wife Ann: James and Thomas were entered separately, haveing left the family farm of 100 acres at Port Macquarie.
Ann died as Ann Huxley, wife of Thomas, on 29 December 1851 at Lower Portland Head (Sackville Reach), age given as 83. Thomas died on 4 July 1854, age said to be 85, at Richmond Bottoms.
(Source: The Founders of Australia - A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet by Mollie Gillen; 1989)
Marriage 1 George Bannister b: abt. 1768 in London, England
Married: abt. 1788 in Sydney Cove settlement Marriage fact: abt. 1791 in Norfolk Island Marriage
Beginning Status: Partners Marriage Ending Status: Separation
Sarah Bannister b: 15 Nov 1789 in Sydney Cove, NSW
Marriage 2 William Dring b: abt. 1770 in Hull, Yorkshire, England
Married: 5 Nov 1791 in Norfolk Island Marriage fact: abt. 1798 in Sydney Cove, after returning from Norfolk Is. Fact 2: 5 Nov 1791 in Married by Rev. Johnson on Norfolk Is in mass ceremony Marriage Ending Status: Separation
1 Ann Dring b: abt. 1792 in Norfolk Island
2 Elizabeth Dring b: 30 Oct 1794 in Norfolk Island Death: 1835 in New South Wales
Marriage 1 Thomas Collins Marriage Beginning Status: Unknown
Children of Thomas & Elizabeth Collins Celia Collins b: abt. 1810
Marriage 2 Charles Walker Marriage Beginning Status: Unknown
Children of Charles & Elizabeth Walker Ann Walker b: 16 Nov 1814
Marriage 3 Samuel Arndell b: abt. 1797 in Norfolk Island
Marriage 4 George Hibbs Married: 13 Jul 1812 in St. Matthews Church, Windsor, NSW
Children of George & Elizabeth Hibbs abt. 1830 in New South Wales
3 Charles Dring b: 20 Aug 1796 in Sydney, NSW
Marriage 3 Thomas Huxley b: ABT. 1768 in Middlesex, England
Married: abt. 1798 in Unknown Marriage Beginning Status: Partners Marriage Ending Status: Unknown
Jane Huxley b: 24 Aug 1798 in Sydney, NSW > Thomas Huxley b: 12 Apr 1801 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
Charlotte Huxley b: abt. 1802 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
male Huxley b: abt. 1804 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
Ann Huxley b: 14 Dec 1805 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
James Huxley b: 28 Feb 1809 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
Samuel Huxley b: 9 Jul 1811 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
John Richard Huxley b: 9 Jun 1813 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
Esther Huxley b: 1 Jan 1817 in Lower Portland Head, NSW
Sophia Huxley b: 4 Jul 1818 in Lower Portland Head, NSW